EHA - Advantages of using Accumulators in Hydraulic Systems

EHA Accumulator Rack
Energy storage
An essential function of accumulators is their ability to store energy. Particularly in cyclic or varying operations, accumulators discharge in times of high demand and recharge during periods of low demand. They are often used to supplement pump flow during peak demand. Without an accumulator, the pump and motor must be sized to handle peak power requirements even if maximum power is only required momentarily. Benefits include:
  • Smaller pump that recharges the system during periods of slack demand.
  • Smaller motor; a total system that demands less energy & heat and costs less.
Emergency backup
Accumulators can maintain a high-pressure charge almost indefinitely and serve as an emergency power source should a machine lose electric power or a pump fails. Benefits include:
  • Provides the necessary flow and pressure to retract a cylinder.
  • Close a valve.
  • Move a machine to a safe position until power is restored or the malfunction is corrected.
  • If a lubricant pump fails, the accumulator maintains pressure until the machine stops or a secondary pump restores flow.
Vibration and shock reduction.
Mounting a small accumulator near the outlet of the pump can absorb pulsations, minimize vibration and provide smoother operation. Also, adding an accumulator into the return line of machines can mitigate shock. Benefits include:
  • Cushioning "water" hammer effect
  • Prevent damage to sensitive components and extend component life and lower maintenance costs.
  • Reduce overall hydraulic system noise levels resulting in quieter machines.
Leakage & temperature compensation
An accumulator can maintain constant pressure even if fluid slowly leaks internally past piston seals or valve clearances and compensate for temperature-related pressure differences in a closed hydraulic system. Only when circuit pressure drops below preset limits does the pump fire up and recharge the accumulator.
Faster response
Bladder and diaphragm accumulators have virtually instantaneous response and can quickly supply fluid to valves and improve their performance. Accumulators can also immediately meet peak flow requirements.